the medieval Mercantile square
the urban space used by merchants with the apotropaic stone lion of the Colonna infame
, used for the public humiliation of insolvent debtors
Bari is a Metropolitan City of the Apulia Region on the Adriatic Sea in the South of Italy, with an ancient history since the middle age and nowadays one of the most important economic centres of the south, with its commercial harbour, a University and a Polytechnic and many tourist attractions.
The city of Bari is divided in two parts :
the Old Bari, Bari Vecchia, with the splendid monuments of Medieval and Renaissance periods, the Basilica of Saint Nicholas, the Cathedral of San Sabino and the Swabian Castle built for Frederick II, the Sant'Antonio Abate Fortino, with the small alleys opening in squares and inner courtyards and with more the 200 small niches with votive shrines, and which is now also a major nightlife district
the Murat district, built Joachim Murat in 1813 during the French domination, the modern heart of the city with its rectangular grid-plan, the promenade on the sea and with the major shopping streets.
The city of Bari is surrounded by a number of small towns and villages on the seaside and on the countryside, the well known Valle d’Itria, that are celebrated as treasures of naturalistic, historical, architectural and artistic value, as Polignano a Mare, awarded with the Blue Flag of by the Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE), Alberobello, unique for the trulli buildings, and Andria with the fascinating medieval castle built by Frederick II "Castel del Monte", both designated as UNESCO World Heritage. Moreover in the near region of Basilicata there is the Subterranean City of Matera with the historical centre called "Sassi", protected as World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1993 and European Capital of Culture for 2019.
The Apulia region offers also a unique experience of tradition and tastes with oenological and gastronomic itineraries.
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